An investment portfolio is a collection of investments held simultaneously by an entity. It can be an investment company, a financial institution or an individual.
Balancing the combination of investment types in an investment portfolio is a method of minimizing the risk associated with investing. By balancing the portfolio you limit the risk of being left without investment options or earnings should there be a down turn in any particular area of the financial industry. Diversification is key to a “good” investment performance. Diversification means your investment portfolio should consist of stocks, bonds and money market. Stocks can also be diversified according to company and industry.
Determining your initial investment portfolio as an individual investor is straightforward. Given your age and initial investment outlay, you readily can compute how you will allocate your initial capital.
Financial planners and other professionals in the financial industry provide the following guidelines for creating an prospective investor’s initial investment portfolio:
The formula implies that the younger you are, the broader is the leeway to go for higher risk investments.
On the other hand, for approaching retirement age should be cautious enough to preserve their retirement fund.
Younger people are inclined to prefer long-term capital appreciation than a steady income stream. Growth stock and high yielding mutual funds are the usual investment vehicle for this purpose.
The guideline however is just for benchmarking purposes. In the final analysis, the investor should be the final judge again depending on
Investing is learning by doing type of endeavor. You get the hang on it if you get started. I had a mentor who used to emphasize: "You will never understand investing, not until you do it".
Once you understand investing, you can now play around with the investment mix in your investment portfolio.